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自测题

Chapter 12 Endocrine System

2018.05.14 0+
1
Which of the following is a hormone that decreases urine output by constricting blood vessels in the kidney?

A)vasopressin

B)melatonin

C)prostaglandin

D)tropin

E)somatotropin






2
Which of the following is a pituitary hormone that stimulates production of milk?

A)tropin

B)luteinizing hormone

C)prostaglandin

D)melatonin

E)prolactin






3
Which of the following words has an element meaning new?

A)gluconeogenesis

B)glucagon

C)insulin

D)somatostatin

E)epinephrine






4
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the growth of body tissue is:

A)somatotropin.

B)calcitonin.

C)prolactin.

D)iodine.

E)melatonin.






5
Which of the following words refers to a pituitary hormone that stimulates the uterus to contract?

A)prostaglandin

B)melatonin

C)leptin

D)insulin

E)oxytocin






6
The thyroid and parathyroid glands belong to the ____________________ system.

A)alimentary

B)vascular

C)endocrine

D)integumentary

E)reproductive






7
In the term paresthesia, the root word means:

A)extremities.

B)sensation.

C)numbness.

D)body.

E)around.






8
Hashimoto disease is a disease of the ____________ gland(s).

A)pituitary

B)adrenal

C)thyroid

D)pineal

E)parathyroid






9
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the adrenal gland to secrete cortisone is:

A)corticotropin.

B)cortisol.

C)thyrotropin.

D)vasopressin.

E)corticosteroid.






10
A person in a coma is in a state of:

A)REM sleep.

B)heightened awareness.

C)deep unconsciousness.

D)narcolepsy.

E)alertness and hyperactivity.






11
Which of the following words means abnormal height and size of the entire body?

A)gigantism

B)goiter

C)exophthalmos

D)Graves disease

E)diabetes






12
Which of the following words means enlargement of the thyroid gland?

A)goiter

B)hyperpyrexia

C)hypothyroidism

D)hyperpnea

E)myxedema






13
Endocrine cells of the pancreas are located in clusters called islets of

A)Langerhans

B)Longfellow

C)Lancefield

D)Landau

E)Lister






14
A synonym for the thyroid cartilage is:

A)Adam's apple.

B)pharynx.

C)trachea.

D)thymus.

E)isthmus.






15
Which of the following hormones influence some sex-related characteristics?

A)corticoids

B)glucocorticoids

C)mineralocorticoids

D)corticoidalsteroids

E)gonadotropins






16
The M in DM stands for:

A)muscle.

B)mellitus.

C)myoglobin.

D)mass.

E)myocardium.






17
Which of the following is NOT a classic symptom of hyperglycemia?

A)polyuria

B)insulin shock

C)weight loss

D)polydipsia

E)polyphagia






18
The word cretinism means:

A)surgical removal of the thyroid gland.

B)normal thyroid function.

C)congenital thyroid deficiency.

D)increased thyroid function.

E)inflammation of the thyroid gland.






19
Which of the following words has a prefix meaning highest point or extremity?

A)hypothyroidism

B)insipidus

C)acromegaly

D)endocrine

E)prolactin






20
The hypothalamus is located in the _____________.

A)spinal cord

B)chest

C)upper back

D)pelvic girdle

E)brain