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Chapter 11 Ophthalmology

2018.05.14 0+
1
Rods and cones are two types of:

A)photocells.

B)photodetectors.

C)photoreceptors.

D)photophobias.

E)photodynamics.






2
Increased intraocular pressure causing death of retinal cells is known as:

A)retinitis.

B)cataracts.

C)uveitis.

D)astigmatism.

E)glaucoma.






3
Which of the following words refers to an inability to focus light rays entering the eyes in different planes?

A)astigmatism

B)strabismus

C)keratotomy

D)myopia

E)esotropia






4
Swimmer's ear is a form of ____________________ that occurs after swimming, particularly in _______________________.

A)otitis media; salt water

B)otitis externa; polluted water

C)otitis externa; chlorinated water

D)otitis externa; a wet suit

E)otitis media; swimming pools






5
The vestibule is:

A)the shell-like external ear.

B)the opening into the auditory canal.

C)a waxy secretion of ceruminous glands.

D)an instrument for examining the ear.

E)the entrance to the inner ear.






6
Which of the following words means pertaining to the entrance of an ear canal?

A)macular

B)cochlear

C)basilar

D)vestibular

E)structural






7
An artificial part used to remedy a defect or loss is known as a(n):

A)rhinoplasty.

B)myringotomy.

C)otoscope.

D)prosthesis.

E)effusion.






8
An instrument to measure hearing by generating sounds in different frequencies and intensities is a(n):

A)audiometer.

B)curette.

C)cochlear implant.

D)tonometer.

E)tuning fork.






9
A yellow waxy tumor in the middle ear is a:

A)perforated tympanic membrane.

B)cholesteatoma.

C)tinnitus.

D)vertigo.

E)glaucoma.






10
In otitis media, the meaning of media is:

A)external.

B)distant.

C)near the point of origin.

D)middle.

E)radio and television.






11
Which of the following words meaning a small bone in the middle ear is spelled correctly?

A)osicle

B)osiccle

C)ahsiccle

D)ossicle

E)osiclle






12
Which of the following terms means an inflammation of the eyelid?

A)blepharitis

B)paresis

C)strabismus

D)periorbital

E)purulence






13
Which of the following words is derived from the Latin word meaning snail shell?

A)basilar

B)cochlea

C)labyrinth

D)malleus

E)incus






14
Two opposites are:

A)amblyopia and lazy eye.

B)extrinsic and intrinsic.

C)strabismus and cross-eyed.

D)photophobia and photosensitivity.

E)anterior and frontal.






15
Which of the following terms refers to a condition in which the eye turns outward?

A)extrinsic

B)exotropia

C)esotropia

D)stereopsis

E)amblyopia






16
A specialist who treats diseases of the ear is an:

A)audiologist.

B)otologist.

C)optician.

D)optometrist.

E)otoscopy.






17
The ear has three major sections;

A)the lobe, canal, and outer ear.

B)the external, middle, and inner ear.

C)the canal, middle ear, and center ear.

D)the outer ear, inner ear, and canal.

E)None of the above.






18
Which of the following words, the meaning of which is containing a lot of pus, is correctly spelled?

A)pourulent

B)purulent

C)purrelent

D)purellent

E)peralint






19
Which of the following words means a cyst on the outer edge of an eyelid and is correctly spelled?

A)sti

B)callazyon

C)hordeilom

D)stie

E)stye






20
Someone skilled in the measurement of vision is known as a(n):

A)optician.

B)optometrist.

C)optometry.

D)ophthalmologist.

E)opportunist.